November 7, 2011. Simien Mountains, Ethiopia. Young shepherds of the mountains.
November 4, 2011. Mombasa, Kenya. Street Scene.
- Literacy levels are low, and are substantially lower in certain regions. Girls tend to perform better in reading English and Kiswahili, while boys tend to perform better in math.
- Literacy levels are lower in public schools than private schools.
- Most children can solve real world, “ethno-mathematics” problems, while fewer can solve similar math problems in an abstract, pencil and paper format.
- 5% of children are not enrolled in school, but the problem is far worse in particular regions.
- About half of children are enrolled in pre-school.
- Many children are older than expected for their class level, including 40% of children in class 2, and 60% of children in class 7.
- North Eastern Province and arid districts in Rift Valley and Eastern Provinces have particularly low performance; and many older children, especially girls, are not attending school.
- Many families pay for extra tuition, which focuses heavily on drilling and exam preparation.
- Schools struggle to plan their budgets because they receive funds at unpredictable times.
- Children whose mothers are educated, particularly beyond primary school, tend to have much higher rates of literacy and numeracy.
- About 15% of students are absent on a given day, with much higher absenteeism in certain districts.
- There is a severe shortage of teachers, estimated at 4 teachers per school.
November 1, 2011. Wasini Island, Kenya. This adorable little guy started crying not long after I shot this photo. I was told it is because he’s afraid of white people as they are very secluded on the island and rarely see any.
November 1, 2011. Wasini Island, Kenya. Children of Mkwiro Village.